Saka Nankana Sahib
Saka Nankana Sahib forms a very important part of Sikh history. In political significance, it comes next only to Jallianwala Bagh massacre of April 1919. The saka constitutes the core of theGurdwara Reform Movement started by the Sikhs in early twentieth century. The interesting part of this saka (demonstration or agitation) is the unprecedented discipline, self-control and exemplary patience displayed by the peaceful Sikh protesters even in the face of extreme barbarism. Even the national leaders like Mahatama Gandhi had to acknowledge in no ambiguous terms the glory and the prestige which the peaceful and passive resistance of the Sikhs had brought to the India's Struggle for freedom.
Narain Das Asked to Mend His Ways
In October 1920 A.D., a large meeting was held at Dharowal, District Sheikhupura for the reform ofGurdwara Nankana Sahib. At this meeting, the leaders of the event revealed to the large gathering of Sangat, that great misdeeds were being committed inside the Gurdwara by the Mahant who was managing the holy shrine. Gurdwara Nankana Sahib was highly revered as it was the birth place of Guru Nanak; a city named Nankana Sahib grew up around the Gurdwara which is now in Pakistan. At the meeting, it was unanimously resolved that the Mahant be asked to mend his ways.
When Mahant Narian Dass was asked to reform himself, he started making preparations to oppose the Panth (Sikh community) instead. He did not feel it necessary to pay heed to the suggestions of the Committee. He was the owner of the estate attached to the Gurdwara with an income of one hundred thousand rupees besides the offerings of the Gurdwara. As the Mahant had a large amount of cash, he recruited hooligans and rogues as paid employees to oppose the Sikhs.
With the help of the government, he collected from Lahore, guns, pistols and other arms and ammunition. He brought and stored fourteen tins of highly flammable paraffin. He had the Gurdwara's gate strengthened having holes made in it to be used as gunports to rain fire on any protestors. The Government was using every available weapon to insure that the Akali reform movement failed. Mahant Narain Dass was one of the weapons in the hands of the Government which planned to make full use of him. As such, Mr. King, the Commissioner of Lahore, extended every kind of help to the Mahant with promises to him of more in the future as well. The Mahant was dancing like a puppet whose strings were being skillfully pulled in the hands of the Government. Details of the action are given below:
The Sikh faith was founded by Guru Nanak in the fifteenth century and his divine torch was carried on by nine gurus who followed in succession. The concepts of Sangat, Pangat, Dharamshala (an early word for Gurdwara) and Kirtan took firm roots during this period and became important constituents of Sikhism. Congregations in Gurdwaras had played crucial roles in the religious and social affairs of the early Sikhs.
Later, they assumed wider dimensions by transforming into a religio-political organisation. Thepeaceful and non-political budding Sikh brotherhood was transformed into a proud and fiercely martial nation through the baptismic process of Amrit-pan. After a long and continuous resistance of several decades against the tyrannies ofMughal rule, the brave Sikhs finally emerged victorious and succeeded in carving out 12 Khalsa principalities in Punjab which soon led to the creation of a unified Khalsa kingdom with Ranjit Singh at the helm.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh reconstructed the Gurdwaras earlier destroyed by the Moghuls and also raised many new ones at the sacred places connected with the Sikh Gurus. For the sustenance of the Mahants, Maharaja Ranjit Singh had attached handsome landed properties too many of these Gurdwaras. The earlier Mahants were devoted Sikhs and true missionaries who did a lot for the spread of Sikhism. As the times rolled by, the Gurdwara incomes swelled enormously and the enormous money corrupted and degenerated the later-time Mahants into loose lived individuals. They started treating the Gurdwara properties as if they were their personal fiefs. This changed the things for the Sikh Panth.
Depraved activities within Nankana
Gurdwara Nankana Sahib was managed by Mahant Narayan Das in the early 20th century. This Gurdwara had a huge property of over 19000 acres of highly fertile land attached to it which yielded enormous income per year. Money-power made the Mahant corrupt and he started using the Gurdwara's money for wrongful deeds. The Mahant was a very desolute and wicked person who also used Gurdwara premises for immoral and highly objectionable activities. He had kept a Muslimgirl as his mistress and all kinds of imaginable debauchery was committed within the Gurdwara premises. Dance girls were brought to the Gurdwara and dances were held and obscene songs were sung within the holy premises. In 1917, he arranged a dance-show by a prostitute near the holy Gurdwara. In 1918, a retired A.A.C. officer paid a visit to the Gurdwara with his 13 years old daughter to offer prayers to the Guru. As the Rehraas was being read in the Gurdwara, a Pujari rogue was raping the minor girl in another room within the Gurdwara premises. When the father lodged a complaint with the Mahant to take action against the Pujari rogue, the Mahant simply ignored his request. In the same year, six young female devotees from Jaranwal village (Lyallpur) visited the Gurdawara on Puranmashi (full Moon) to pay their offerings at Gurdwara and they too were similarly raped1.
Sikhs Nation awakens
All this went on before the very eyes of the Sikhs which had sent shock waves across Punjab. The issue was effectively raised in the The Akali (Punjabi), published from Lahore by Master Sunder Singh Lyallpuri (q.v.), a true patriot and the founder-father of the Akali Movement and Shiromani Akali Dal2 . Lyallpuri belonged to Bohoru village close to Nankana Sahib and he personally preached against the debauchery of the Mahant in the nearby villages and also continued to organise the Sikhs for a dynamic movement to bring reforms into the Gurdwaras3.
In October 1920, a congregation was held at Dharowal in Sheikhupura for reform in GurdwaraNankana Sahib. The misdeeds committed within Gurdwara by Mahant were revealed to the Sangat. On January 24, Shiromani Committee held a general meeting and took decision to hold a Dewan in Nankana Sahib on March 4, 5 and 6 and advise Mahant to mend his ways.
Mahant was a very shrewd and cunning person. He tried to play politics. Publicly, he wanted to leave the impression that he was very peace-loving person and anxious to settle the issues with thePanth. On February 14, Mahant held a secret meeting with his associates to chalk out a secret plan to kill the Sikh leaders on March 5 at Nankana Sahib. Mahant recruited 400 hooligans including fierce Pathans paid at twenty Indian rupees per month to oppose the Sikhs. With government's help, Mahant also collected guns, pistols and other arms and ammunition. He also arranged and stored fourteen tins of paraffin and further got the Gurdwara gate strengthened and the holes made in it so that he could use them for firing bullets at the Sikhs.
Mahant Narayan Das had the full backing from the Mahants of other Gurdwaras in Punjab. The Bedi Jagirdars who had received Jagirs from the English Government by virtue of their past connections with Guru Nanak also supported the Mahant. Sardar Sunder Singh Majithia also maintained double standards. But Maharaja of Patiala flatly refused to back Mahant and offered him a healthy advice not to rebel against the Panth. He further advised the Mahant to create a committee of prominent Sikhs and hand over the Gurdwara charge to them. But Mahant ignored the well-intentioned advice of Patiala Royal house. The Shiromani Committee extended invitation to Mahant for talks at Gurdwara Khara Sauda to resolve the issue but he did not show up at the given time. Then he offered to hold talks with the Sikh leaders in Sheikhupura on February 15, 1921, but again he failed to show up. Third time he promised to meet the Shiromani Committee leaders at the residence of Sardar Amar Singh Lyall Gazette on February 16, but once again he failed to turn up.
Counter-response of the Sikhs
The Shiromani Committee decided of its own to meet the Mahant on 3rd March 1921 to advise him to hand over the charge to the committee. But the Committee got the information from its own intelligence that Mahant was planning to invite the Sikh leaders at Nanakana Sahib and have them killed from hired gundas. This greatly angered Kartar Singh Jhabber and others. A meeting of the Sikh leaders was called at Gurdwara Khara Sauda on 16, 1921 to chalk out the future course of action. It was decided that Sangat would go in Jathas (squads) and take charge of the Gurdwara. Sikh leaders learnt that Mahant was going to Lahore on 20th of February 1921. Bhai Kartar Singh Jhabbar and BhaiLachhman Singh Dharowal decided to take their jathas to Nanakana Sahib on 20th February. They decided to take charge of Gurdwara in his absence as they had come to know of his wicked plan.
On the evening of February 19, 1921, Bhai Lachaman Singh Dharowali (Jat Sikh) reached Nizam Deva Singhwala with his jatha of 8 Singhs (6 males and two females). At Nizam Deva Singh wala, Jathedar Tehal Singh (Kamboj Sikh) had already arranged a Jatha of about 150 Singhs, majority of them belonging to the Kamboj community. All these Singhs came from nearby Kamboj villages of Nizampur Moola Singh wala, Nizampur Chelewala, Dalla Chand Singh, Bohoru, Thothian and Nizam Deva Singh wala etc, all falling in District Sheikhupura (now Pakistan).
Peaceful Khalsa on the march
The combined Jatha took a Hukamnama and started for the Gurdwara at about 10 PM on that night so as to reach there by early morning atAmrit vela (nectral hours). On the way 50 more Sikhs joined the Shaheedi Jatha and total number swelled to about 200. At Chanderkot Jhal, Jathedar Lachhman Singh decided to wait for Kartar Singh Jhabber and his Jatha. They waited for a while in vain and finally Jathedar Dharowal decided to cancel the plan for further march to Nankana Sahib. But at this very moment, Jathedar Tehal Singh came forward and harangued the Shaheedi Jatha not to vacillate even for a moment from forward march since "the prayers having already been said and the action plan having already been decided with Guru's word, it is now imperative for now to move forward". Advising further that "all the members shall keep cool even under extreme provocations". From here-onwards, Jathedar Tehal Singh took over the supreme command of the Shaheedi Jatha and resumed the march to Nankana 4. By almost at Amritvela, the Shaheedi Jatha reached the Railway-crossing near Nankana Sahib. Some of the Jatha members raced towards Darshani Deori to take possession of the Gurdawara, but at this very moment, Chaudhury Paul Singh Lyallpuri showed up with the latest decision of Shiromani Committee advising to postpone the action for taking possession of the Gurdwara. Having conveyed the information, Bhai Paul Singh grabbed Jathedar Lachhman Singh from his waist behind and persuaded him not to proceed further. Once again, brave Jathedar Tehal Singh took the initiative and shaking Chaudhury Paul Singh forcefully off from the person of Jathedar Lachhman Singh, he once more challenged the Shaheedi Jatha to get ready for the sublime action. He once again harangued: " Khalsa ji, the time is not to stop now, but to act. We have come here to achieve martyrdom under Guru's word. This is very un-Sikh-like to backout from one's commitment at the last moment" 5. Saying this, Jathedar Tehal Singh walked with the Jatha towards the Gurdwara. Bhai Lachhman Singh and others repeatedly requested him to relent, but the Singh Surma stuck to his Ardas 6.
Slaugher of peaceful Khalsa
Enthused by the speech of Jathedar Tehal Singh, the entire Shaheedi Jatha followed him. By this time, another horseman messenger, Bhai Ram Singh, arrived. In vain did he too try to persuade Jathedar Tehal Singh and the Jatha to return. The Jatha soon entered Darshni Deohri of the Gurdwara and shut the main door from inside. While some of the devotees took their seats inside the Prakash Asthan, others sat on the platform and the Baran dari. Bhai Lachhman Singh Dharowali sat on Guru's tabia. Mahant Narayan Das came to know of the situation through the Jaikaras (victory slogans) of the Shaheedi Jatha. At first, he was utterly shocked thinking that the game was over but he soon recovered and ordered his hired gundas to kill all the Sikhs in the Jatha. They fired bullets at the Sangat in Gurdwara hall. Several bullets pierced throughSri Guru Granth Sahib. The hired gundas wielded swords, spears, hatchets and other lethal weapons to mercilessly slaughter the peaceful, unarmed and unprovocative Sikhs within the very premises of the Gurdwara. The dead and dying Singhs were then dragged to a pile of logs which had been collected earlier and consigned to flame. By the time the police and local Sikhs came on the scene, all the dead men had been consumed by the fire. Bhai Lachhman Singh Dharowali who was wounded with a gun shot was tied to a Jand tree and burnt alive. It was a butchery at its worst form.
The news spread like wild fire and the Sikhs from every part of Punjab started their march towards Nankana Sahib. Bhai Kartar Singh Jhabber reached next day with 2200 Singhs armed with shastras (arms). Fearing more trouble, Mr King, Commissioner Lahore, handed over the keys of Nankana Sahib to Shiromani Committee and arrested Mahant Narayan Das and his hired gundas including Pathans and charged them with murder, but only Mahant Narayan das and a couple of Pathans got the death sentences for this heinous crime for over 86 barbaric murders.
Stastistics on fatalities
There are different versions on number of fatalities in this holocaust. Some writers put the death figures at 120, 150 or even 200. The government reports placed the death figures at 126. Police inspector Bachan Singh had put the number at 156. The report by Nankana Sahib Committee published in Shaheedi Jeewan however, placed the deaths at 86 and also listed the strength of the Shaheedi Jatha at 200 7. It seems that, besides Shaheedi Jatha Singhs, many non-participant devotees and others staying within Gurdwara also fell victims to Mahant's barbarism.
In this tragedy a total of 86 Sikhs achieved martyrdom which included the Jat, Kamboj, Khatri, Kumhar and Majhabi Sikhs. But the top score was achieved by the Kamboj community 8. According to Giani Partap Singh, out of a total figure of 86 Sikh Shaheeds of Nankana saka, the Kamboj community alone shared 31 9 10 11 12.
Mahatama Gandhi in Nankana Sahib
Mahatama Gandhi visited Nankana Sahib on March 3, 1921. Addressing the gathering, Mahatama said: "I have come to share your anguish and grief. It is interesting indeed to note that the Sikhs in this drama remained peaceful and non-violent from the start to the end. This (the behaviour of the Sikhs) has greatly added to the glory and prestige of India…" 13 "All indications point to the fact that the cruel and barbaric action is the second edition of Jallianwala Bagh massacre; rather more evil and more invidious than even Jallianwala" 14. The Mahatama further spoke: "the action of these dimensions could not be perpetrated by Mahant alone. The government officers are also involved in this heinous crime. Where had the authorities gone when the Mahant was making preparations for murderous plans?"
The supreme sacrifices made by these Sikhs Shaheeds have been acknowledged by the grateful nation. From that day onwards, the Sikh nation remembers these brave Sikhs in their daily ardas (prayer). Every year on 21st February at this Shaheedi Asthan, Guru Granth Sahib's Swaroop with Bullet marks is brought to Deewan (assembly) from 2pm to 4pm for darshan of the Sikh Sangat.
- 1 Teja Singh, The Gurdwara Reform Movement and the Sikh Awakening, Amritsar, 1984, p 154; Kambojjas Through the Ages, 2005, pp 298, S Kirpal Singh.
- 3 The Kambojas Through the Ages, 2005, pp 298-99.
- 4 Kamboj Itihaas, 1972, p 183, H. S. Thind; These Kamboj People, 1979, p 277, K. S. Dardi cf .
- 5 Ibid., p 183, H. S. Thind; Kambojas Through the Ages, 2005, p 303, S Kirpal Singh; These Kamboj People, 1979, p 277, K. S. Dardi.
- 6 Sikh Gurdwaras in History and Role of Jhabbar, Karnail Singh See Link 
- 7 Giani Partap Singh, Gurdwara Arthaat Akali Lehir, 1975, p 104.
- 8 Shamsher Gurbakash Singh, Shaheedi Jeewan, 1938, p 356; Sher Singh Sher, Glimpsaes of Sikhism and Sikhs, 1982, p 207; H. S. Thind, Kamboj Itihaas, 1971, pp 181- 205.
- 9 Akali Lehir, pp 104-106, Giani Pratap Singh.
- 10 H. S. Thind, Kamboj Itihaas, 1971, pp 181-205.
- 11 Kirpal Singh, Kambojas Through the Ages, 2005, pp 298-312.
- 12 S Kirpal Singh, These Kamboj People, 1979, pp 275-279 .
- 13 Sahni Ruchi Ram, Struggle for Reforms in Sikh Shrines (Ed Ganda Singh) , p 81
- 14 The Times, March 11, 1921 (A History of the Sikhs, Vol II, p 200, Khushwant Singh)
Books and Periodicals
- Gurdwara Reform Movement, and The Sikh Awakening, 1984, Teja Singh
- Akali, Lahore, October 8, 1920
- Akali Morchian Da Itihaas, 1977, Sohan Singh Josh
- Meri Aap Beeti, Master Sunder Singh Lyalpuri (unpublished)
- Gurdwara Arthaat Akali Lehir, 1975, Giani Pratap Singh
- Struggle for Reform in Sikh Shrines, (Ed Dr Ganda Singh)
- Khushwant Singh: A History of the Sikhs, 1966.
- Kamboj Itihaas, 1972, H. S Thind
- These Kamboj People, 1979, K. S. Dardi
- Kambojas Through the Ages, 2005, S Kirpal Singh
- Shaheedi Jeewan, 1938, Gurbaksh Singh Shamsher
- Glimpses of Sikhism and Sikhs, 1982, Sher Singh Sher
- Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Vol I, II, Harbans Singh
Nankana Sahib District
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|— District —|
|– District Administrator|
|– Total||2,960 km2 (1,142.9 sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|District Council||3 seats|
Nankana Sahib (Punjabi: Shahmukhi: Urdu: ضلع ننکانہ صاحب. Gurmukhi: ਨਨਕਾਣਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ) is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Nankana Sahib is the principal town of the district. The district of Nankana Sahib is located about 75 kilometres west of Lahore and about 55 kilometres east of Faisalabad.
The area around Nankana Sahib was formerly a tehsil of Sheikhupura District. In May 2005, the Punjab government decided to raise the status of Nankana Sahib to that of a district as a way of promoting development in the area, and investment from Indian Sikhs
Nankana Sahib District is administratively subdivided into three tehsils. These are:
The state government as well as private entrepreneurs have planned to develop Nankana Sahib District with various projects, including:
- A rest house for Sikh pilgrims
- A new International Hotel for the people of the district
- A shopping mall
- A housing scheme
- A modern hospital
- A road-link to the Lahore and Faisalabad dual-carriageway
In addition, the possibility of the development of an airport and university has been raised.
The Punjab government decided to link Nankana Sahib District with the provincial capital, Lahore. With these plans the Punjab government is completing "Khanqah Dogran Interchange" (on the M-2) very swiftly, which is a helpful project to develop the newly created District of Nankana Sahib. This will also give access to the Grand Trunk Road, which leads to the Indian Punjab from the Wagah border. Recently, a Nankana Sahib-Amritsar bus was inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India.
Nankana Sahib District has a population of about 15,99,538. The majority of the population are Muslims (97%); the remainder (3%) are mainly Sikhs, with the latter concentrated in the town of Nankana Sahib itself.
The main language of the district is Punjabi, but Urdu and English are also spoken and understood by many people. Shahmukhi script is mostly used, but Nankana Sahib is one of the few places in the Pakistani Punjab where Gurmukhi script is also understood by some.
Former chief minister of the Punjab, Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi, raised Nankana Sahib from the level of sub district (tehsil) to district in May 2005. Comprising the subdivisions of Safdarabad (formerly Mandi Dhaban Singh), Sangla Hill and Shahkot, the new district has two National Assembly seats of its own and shares three with Sheikhupura.
Nankana Sahib, the capital of the district, is famous as the birthplace of the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak. It is the most sacred Sikh religious site in the world and attracts some 10,000 Sikh pilgrims each year.
The district is also the site for some ambitious development plans, including new facilities for visiting pilgrims, a modern hospital and a road link to the Lahore-Faisalabad dual carriageway. Additionally, the Pakistani and Indian governments have announced plans to launch a bus service between Nankana Sahib and Amritsar in Indian Punjab. As it is a newly carved district, its statistics are not yet available.
Villages, Towns and Cities
Following are the villages, towns and cities in the District of Nankana Sahib. This is not the complete list. The list will be kept updated as the time passes by.
"Bakhtawar Kot" This is a small village from 12 km from Nankana Sahib and 6 km from Warburton. This is old village with new furnished houses and farms. The people of this village is develped than other villages. Speacielly the comman use of internet makes people in the race of globalization.
A Famous Village of district Nankana Sahib at 30km distance east from Nankana Sahib. The Village is famous by its youth contribution in sports and literacy rate of the village. There are many young boys are getting higher education in the field of Engineering, Telecommunication, Law and Commerce.
Kali Bair is one of the most famous villages in the district. The village's superb quality wine, the buoyant spirit of the people and the lush green landscape, all play their role to make the village eye candy of the area.
This is one of the oldest villages in the suburbs of Nankana Sahib city. Recently when the area was promoted to a district from a tehsil the village of Kali Bair was declared to be a part of the city municipal corporation. The approximate population of the village is around seven hundred. Most of them work in agriculture. This village is famous in the district because of its superb quality wine. Bhatti and Wasir clans constitute the two major castes living there. The shrine of a famous saint, Syed Ghulam Abbas Shah Kazmi, is also there. The whole village has a great spirit of sports, games and cheerfulness. Something that separates the village from the rest of the region is the peaceful demeanor of the people living here. There have always been less fights and disputes in the village when compared to the rest of the area. In the recent cultural fair the racing dogs of Kalibair have won the first prize in the district
Chack # 14 / 66
Chack # 14/66 is a small village, 5 km away from Syedwala town. It was one of sikh irrigated colonies. At partition, there were only seven houses of the Muslims. So, it is a fact that most of the families migrated to this village after partition. The major occupation is agriculture. However, the soil of this village gave many legends to the nation. There are two schools in the village; a primary school for boys and a middle school for girls. Baradaries like Gujjars, Arains, Jatts and Rajputs(Ranas) live in this village.
Chack Number 4 G.B
Chack number 4 village is in Distt and tehsil Nankana sahib and only 14 kilometres away from Nankan at west. Total population of chack number 4 is approximately 6000 and the register votes are 4200.Mian Shahbaz Ahmed Advocate High court senior vice President PML(N) Tehsil Nankana Sahib is also belong to this village.
This town is famous for its rice market. The town has a Girls College and Higher Secondary School and a Boys College and Higher Secondary School. There is a mushroom growth of private schools. More khunda is so much famous due to respectable teachers who have spent their lives for the betterment of quality of education in this sector there is a one famous banquet hall in this area called Marahaba banquet hall......
Mangtanwala village has fertile land and rich from rice and wheat crops. It has historical background. Sir Ganga Ram was born in this village. It has very beautiful mosque which has typical structure.And some famous personalties are Ahmed nawaz shah (dsp) and shah nawaz shah (advocate)
Khair Pur is about 12 km from Nankana Sahib. Total population of Khair Pur Bhattian is approximately 2100 and the register votes are 1451. This village is founded by Rai Jalal Khan Bhatti (late). It is situated near Kot Hussain.Rai Ashfaq Ahmad Bhatti is most foums persnality of khair pur bhattian
Village name: Waseer Pur, its old name is Piddi Pur. Piddi means Tiniest bird sparrow. It established hundred years ago. Bundle of tiny sparrows were found in this area in Sikhism age. It is 9 km far from District Nankana Sahib. About 2000 people are living in this village. The Village is divided in 8 Mohallas, each named after their ancestors. Most residents are waseer (Rajput). The Soil is suitable for agriculture. Area for agriculture land 1,300-acre (5.3 km2). There are two Govt. schools, one is High school for boys and other is Primary school for girls. Few people are affiliated politics.
This village is situated less than one kilometer from Nankan Sahib, on Shah Kot road. Total population is 1500. There are two large castes: Arian 60%, Kambo 35% and others 5%. The people are well educated & noble.
Kot Hussain Khan Bhatti
Kot Hussain Khan Bhatti - This village is named after the noble Bhatti Rai Hussain Khan Bhatti, the direct descendant of Rai Bular, the founding father of Nankana Sahib. Rai Hussain was the chief of this village and the surrounding villages. The Population of the village is approx. 2,000 and registered voters are 1,300.
This village is almost 30 km from Nankana Sahib. The thing that makes Rehan Wala and Mandi Faizabad famous is its very well established grain market. The grain market is in full swing during the harvesting seasons of wheat (May – June) and rice (October – November).
This village is almost 35 kilometers from Nankana Sahib and 5 kilometers from Mandi Faizabad. Nawan Kot is located on the bank of the river Ravi. The village is well known due to its agricultural and fruit production.
This village is founded by Rai Khan Muhammad Kaharal. It is situated near Nankana Sahib. Only Kharals live in this village. Kharals mostly have their own land.
This village, situated in Nankana Sahib District, was founded by Rao Nazir Muhammad Khan in 1901. At the time of partition it was the only Muslim majority village in the area. There are two public schools, one each for boys and girls, and two private schools. The land is fertile and irrigated by canal water. Upper Chenab (Gogera branch) passes near the village. The Lahore-Shorkot branch railway line passes at a distance of 4 km from the village. Population is nearly 4,000. Almost 100% of the population is Muslim. Almost the whole population belongs to the Hanafi Mazhab and Barelvi school of thought. There are two mosques in the village. Jamia Masjid of this village is in the centre of the village and it is a beautiful Masjid to look.
This village is located 8 km from More Khunda & 4 km from Head Baloki Road. Apart from a Syed family, all the population of Mangu Taru belongs to Rajput caste. They migrated from Village Bhorchhi Rajputan, District Amritsar (East Punjab) at the time of partition in 1947. Their ancestors accepted Islam during the reign of Aurangzeb Alamgir. Most of the population of Mangu Taru is in agriculture and livestock business.
Martin Pur is a small village in Nankana Sahib District. It is located between Nankana Sahib and Shahkot. This village, founded in 1898, is named after a Dr. Martin DD who was originally from the United States. The majority of the villagers are Pakistani Christians. If you know every thing about Martin Pur, Please Join Facebook "Martin Pur"
Basdher Pur is about 25 km from Nankana Sahib. This village is situated near ravi river. Mostly kharal families are living in this village. MR Bansidhar built this city in 17th century. He was Hundu.
Youngsonabad is a small village located 10 km on Nankana Sahib Shahkot Road in Nankana Sahib District. This village was founded in 1898, by a missionary named Dr. J. W. Youngson, originally from Scotland ex Principal and Head of Department of Murray College Sialkot. The Majority of the villagers are Pakistani Christians.
The town of Bucheki was founded by Sikh Sardar Bucha Singh. Bucheki, on the Lahore-Jaranwala road, is very well known. It is 15 kilometers southwest of Nankana Sahib railway station. Bucheki has a population of about 70,000. The thing that makes Bucheki famous is its very well established grain market. The grain market is in full swing during the harvesting seasons of wheat (May–June) and rice (October–November). It is the land rices Bucheki have a big industry of rice. The oldest and top place of bucheki is Purana (old) Bazar.
The village Darbarkot is situated 4 kilometers from Nankana. It is very beautiful village on the bank of canal. Mostly people in Darbarkot belong to Gujjar family.
Kot Noor Muhammad
The village Kot Noor Muhammad is situated 20 kilometers from Nankana Sahib. It is very taylatid popels in village. It is very beautiful but it is very samal. Most families in Kot Noor Muhammad belong to maan cost. Most people in Kot Noor Muhammad are farmers. His earth very beautiful.tamoor maan is the owner of kot noor mohammad
QILA BHAMBA SINGH
it is a small village near baraghar . awan is the main cast of this place . malik riaz and malik ijaz and malik sajjad three sons of malik abdullah awan are the owner of this village
Housing colony, one of the most populated and the most developed areas of Nankana Sahib. It exists beside the Nankana city. Many famous schools of the city do exist in housing colony, including The Educators, Hira Public School, Pak Garrison High School, Dar-e-Arqam and Tameer-e-watan High School.
Many schools and colleges are opened in Nankana Sahib District. These include Dar-e-Arqam High Schools (An English Medium country-wide group), Guru Nanak Ji Public Model High School, Pak. Garrison Higher Secondary School, The Educators, Al Falah school, Govt. M. C. High School (for boys and girls), Vocational Training Institute Tehsil More. Govt. Guru Nanak high school, Oxford Public High School and Govt. Guru Nanak colleges (separate for men and women). A Lahore-based reputable school, NovaQuest International School, has acquired over fifteen acres of land approximately 3 km from Nankana Sahib on Bucheki - Nankana Road for their next campus. Furthermore, Allied Schools Group has acquired land on Mangtanwala Road. Moreover, a great university named after saint Guru Nanak is proposed to be established in the city. All this rapidly growing educational setup is going to make education industry as the most prominent here.
Chamrooti: above said village is situated near Bucheky. It was founded by Malik Sher Mohammad Khichi 100 year ago. The majority of this village is Khichi. Chamrooti have very fertilizer land. The people of the village are very peaceful.